Basics of the Esperanto grammar
The Esperanto alphabet contains 28 letters. Esperanto spelling is completely phonetic: every word is pronounced as spelled, and spelled as pronounced. Accent is always on the next-to-last syllable. There is one syllable for each vowel. To get good
pronunciation try to imitate the voices in good videos. Start by
Mazi en Gondolando. Make sure that you are imitating
whole sentences, not word by word.
Letter Sound |
A a A as in fAther
B b B as in Be
C c TS as in wiTS
Ĉ ĉ CH as in CHurch
D d D as in Do
E e E as in gEt
F f F as in Fly
G g G as in Gun
Ĝ ĝ J as in Join
H h H as in Half
Ĥ ĥ CH as Scottish loCH
I i I as in marIne
J j Y as in Yoke
Ĵ ĵ Z as in aZure
Letter Sound |
K k K as in Key
L l L as in Line
M m M as in Make
N n N as in Now
O o O as in nOt
P p P as in Pair
R r R as in Rare
S s S as in See
Ŝ ŝ SH as in SHow
T t T as in Tea
U u OO as in tOO
Ŭ ŭ W as in Win
V v V as in Very
Z z Z as in Zeal
Endings: (Click for
a full list)
-o: all nouns (substantives) end in o (o, oj, on, ojn)
-a: all adjectives end in a (a, aj, an, ajn)
Related nouns and adjectives have to end the same way.
-e: There are about
25 primitive adverbs.
Adding the ending "-e" to a root will became an adverb.
In this page you will find almost complete lists of:
days of the week
1000 more used words
Click to see 12 + 3 Facilaj Tekstoj kaj 6 Kantoj (15 easy texts and 6 songs)
Read these 15 texts in sequence. You can listen while you read.
Try to guess the full text before looking at the translation.
From: 1. Unua leciono. Amiko Marko 1. First lesson. My friend Mark
Marko estas mia amiko. Mark is my friend.
Marko kaj Anna estas miaj amikoj.
Mark and Anna are my friends.
Sur tablo estas papero kaj libro.
On a table there are a paper and a book.
Sur tablo estas blanka papero kaj granda libro.
On a table there are a white paper and a big book.
Sur tablo estas blankaj paperoj kaj grandaj libroj.
On a table there are white papers and big books.
Mi havas grandan libron. I have a big book.
Mi havas grandajn librojn. I have big books.
Videos to learn Esperanto
Start with "Mazi en Gondolando", 77 minutes. Watch it several times. Keep watching even if you don't understand. After 2 or 3 times you can watch "Mazi revenas al Gondolando", 80 + 15 minutes. Keep watching both.
Mazi en Gondolando
Mazi revenas al Gondolando + Mazi kaj la mistera planto.
Another video to learn Esperanto. There are 4 DVD's. Each DVD
is almost 2 hours, about 7 and a half hours in total. There are 16 lessons of about 27 minutes each. Try to understand well each lesson before going into the next one.
Pasporto Al La Tuta Mondo:
A complete film based in an easy to read book. Originally 25
chapters, adding 20 - 40 new words in each chapter, to increase
your vocabulary, about 1200 roots in all, 106 minutes.
20 Reasons to learn and use Esperanto
* * * * *
February 27 2022